Vector-borne diseases

Transmission of pathogens to their host can be facilitated greatly by arthropods, which often break the host's skin through bites, punctures, cuts or other means. Such arthropods are called vectors, and vector-borne diseases may be adequately controlled by controlling the vector population. Pathogens that are transmitted by a vector include protozoa (malaria), viruses (West Nile), and bacteria (Lyme).

Vector-borne bacterial diseases

Disease Pathogen (cause) Vector
Anaplasmosis Anaplasma phagocyticum Tick
Buruli ulcer Mycobacterium ulcerans aquatic insects?
Cat scratch disease Bartonella henselae Fleas
Ehrlichiosis Ehrlichia chaffeensis Ticks
Lyme disease Borrelia burgdorferi Ticks
Oroya fever Bartonella bacilliformis Sandfly
Plague Yersinia pestis Fleas
Q fever Coxiella burnetii Ticks
Rabbit fever (Tularemia) Francisella tularensis Ticks
Relapsing fever (endemic) Borrelia spp. Ticks
Relapsing fever (epidemic) Borrelia recurrentis Lice
Rickettsialpox Rickettsia akari Mites
Rocky mountain spotted fever Rickettsia rickettsii Ticks
Scrub typhus Orientia tsutsugamushi Mites
Trachoma Chlamydia trachomatis Flies
Trench fever Bartonella quintana Lice
Tularemia Francisella tularensis flies, ticks
Typhus fever (epidemic) Rickettsia prowazekii Lice
Typhus fever (endemic) Rickettsia typhi Fleas

Vector-borne viral diseases

Disease Pathogen (cause) Vector
Colorado tick fever Coltivirus Tick
Dengue fever Flavivirus Mosquito (Aedes)
Rift Valley fever Phlebovirus Fly
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Nairovirus Tick
California & Lacrosse encephalitis Bunyavirus Mosquito (Aedes)
WEE, VEE, EEE Alphaviruses Mosquito (Culex)
West Nile , Japanese, St. Louis Flavivirus Mosquito (Culex)
Russian Spring-Summer encephalitis Flavivirus Tick
Yellow fever Flavivirus Mosquito (Aedes)
Chikungunya fever Alphavirus Mosquito (Aedes)
Bourbon virus disease Thogotovirus Tick
Zika virus infection Zika virus Mosquito (Aedes)

Vector-borne protozoan diseases

Disease Pathogen (cause) Vector
Malaria Plasmodium spp. Mosquito (Anopheles)
Babesiosis Babesia spp. Tick
Leishmaniasis Leishmania spp. Sandfly
African Sleeping Sickness Trypanosoma brucei Tsetse fly
Chagas' Disease Trypanosoma cruzi Reduviid bugs

Vector-borne parasitic diseases

Disease Pathogen (cause) Vector
Bancroft filariasis Wuchereria bancrofti Mosquito (Anopheles, Aedes, Culex)
Loa loasis Loa loa Mango fly
Onchocerciasis Onchocerca volvulus. Blackfly