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A 45-year-old woman with poorly controlled diabeteMucormycosis (zygomycosis)


Zygomycosis is an opportunistic infection by filamentous coenocytic fungi such as Mucor or Rhizopus. Two forms can be seen. The cubcutaneous form is common in Africa, India and other parts of the world. Invasive mucormycosis is seen primarily in immunocompromised patients (AIDS), particularly those with end-stage diabetes and metabolic acidosis. Invasion of the palate, eye, and brain from the sinuses is common.

Subcutaneous mucormycosis

  1. Cause: Conidiobolus coronatus and Basidiobolus ranarum
  2. Symptoms: B ranarum causes compact subcutaneous masses of fungi in shoulder, hip, pelvis or thigh. C. coronatus commonly causes facial or upper lip swelling and enlargement.